The medical condition of brain stroke manifests itself in the form of poor or reduced blood flow to one or more regions in the brain, which causes the death of brain cells. Causes of stroke include obesity, tobacco smoking, diabetes, high level of cholesterol in the blood, atrial fibrillation and others.
The two major stroke types include:
Ischemic- may occur because of an absence of blood flow.
Hemorrhagic- may occur because of bleeding.
Symptoms of Brain Stroke
The letters of the word “FAST” can be spotted for the determination of brain stroke symptoms and signs, where:
One side of the face gets numb or droops. You can ask the person to smile, and the smile may be crooked or uneven when a stroke has occurred.
One arm may go numb or might get weak. It can also drift downwards.
S- Speech Difficulty
Stroke symptom may exhibit itself in the form of slurring of speech. The affected person may not be able to speak or the speech may become may become hard towards understanding.
Time is of the great essence if any of the symptoms are showing. One should call the doctor immediately.
There are also other symptoms of Stroke. These may occur along with the F.A.S.T. symptoms or separately. These include:
- • Sudden confusion
- • Sudden trouble in acts including walking and failure in maintenance of balance
- • Poor coordination and dizziness may occur
- • Numbness may affect body areas including leg, and arm. In most cases, only one side of the body is affected.
- • A severe headache
- • Dimness of vision (especially in one eye)
- • Loss of vision may also occur
- • Consciousness loss (for a brief time interval)
- • Fever, vomiting, nausea, trouble in swallowing, and/or hiccups
- • Loss of strength
- • Treatment of stroke
Once the physician determines what kind of stroke condition the patient has (Ischemic or Haemorrhagic) and find out the brain areas that have been affected or damaged, a treatment course is selected.
Treatment for Ischemic brain stroke
Ischemic stroke occurs because of lack of flow of blood within the brain, and an artery blockage may be responsible for it. it is important to identify the condition immediately or in the least time, as the medications and other procedures may only be effective during this time period, and an irreversible damage is avoided.
Emergency treatment may be initiated through the administration of clot-dissolving medications to the patient, while certain surgical procedures are also there that can be used.
Emergency Treatment for Brain Stroke
Certain clot-busting medications are given to the patient (through the vein). The procedure should be initiated in a maximum of 4.5 hours). The doctor may also perform on the blocked blood artery and vessel directly. A device may be used for delivering the medications directly to the affected area or the doctor may choose to remove the clot by using the stent.
The probability of the patient suffering from further Ischemic attack is reduced by opening up the artery which has blocked. Angioplasty and Carotid Endarterectomy are the procedures used for the purpose.
Treatment for Haemorrhagic Brain Stroke
Hemorrhagic stroke Is treated by controlling the bleeding and also by reducing the pressure that engulfs the brain. This stroke has a lesser commonality (around 15% of all stroke cases) when compared to Ischemic stroke. The stroke may be caused by leakage from a weakened blood vessel or because of the bursting of a brain aneurysm.
Medications and Drugs
Patients who consume the blood-thinning drugs for preventing the blood clots (including the anti-platelet drugs and warfarin) are given drugs to counteract these effects. Medications are also provided for reducing the pressure within the brain (also called as intracranial pressure). These medications also aim to reduce or prevent seizures and lower blood pressure.
Surgery for Blood Vessel Repair
The abnormalities of the blood vessels may be repaired through surgical procedures. Endovascular embolization, surgical clipping, AVM removal or stereotactic radiosurgery are some effective surgical procedures for the repair of blood vessels.
The best hospital for brain stroke treatment will also offer patients stroke rehabilitation programs. Avoid bad habits (including smoking), lead an active lifestyle and control your weight to prevent the condition. Do consult your doctor or a leading hospital immediately if you find any of the symptoms associated with stroke.